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阿房宮址 Epang Palace , Xain, China 


The Epang Palace (E-pang Palace; also Ebang Palace; simplified Chinese: 阿房宫; traditional Chinese: 阿房宮; pinyin: Ēpánggōng; Wade–Giles: E1-p'ang2-kung1)[1] in western Xi’an, Shaanxi Province, China, was a palace complex of Qin Shihuang, emperor of China. Construction of the palace began in 212 BC. With the exception of its front hall, it was never completed according to findings by Chinese archaeologists.[2]

Its dimensions during the Han are described by Sima Qian as constituting 693 m long × 116.5 m wide, its rammed earth foundation platform measures 1,320 m east to west, 420m north to south, and 8 m in height.[3]

Since 1961, the site of the palace is listed as a Major Historical and Cultural Site Protected at the National Level (1-151).


阿房宫,是秦始皇在统一六国之后于渭河以南修建的豪华宫殿。阿房宫遗址位于秦都咸阳上林苑内,距离陕西省西安市西郊约15公里处。西汉司马迁在《史记》中详细记述了阿房宫的规模,唐代杜牧曾经写过《阿房宫赋》,認為此宮殿被项羽焚烧,清代画家袁耀也曾绘制过《阿房宫图》。1961年,中华人民共和国国务院将遗址列为全国重点文物保护单位。

但是至2007年,中国社会科学院考古研究所和西安文物保护考古所组成的阿房宫考古队花費五年時間勘查阿房宫遗迹所在地,勘查超過二十萬平方公尺,只發現几处小面积的燒過的土塊。而阿房宫本身的夯土台路基围墙等的残留显示甚至连这一地基都未完成,考古人員因此推斷阿房宫当时并未建成,項羽焚燒的可能只是渭河以北的秦朝咸陽宮,因為秦咸陽宮遺址确实發現大片燒過的遺跡。[1]秦始皇大兴土木建阿房宫、骊山陵是史上各代将其视为暴君的重要话柄之一,而“项羽火烧阿房宫”的傳聞卻又經常作為评价项羽残暴不仁的力证,因此这一考古发现对于还原秦汉历史有显著意义。[2]

(Retrieved fro Wikipedia respectively) 

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