Luoyang Zhouwangcheng Emperor Six Horses Carriage Museum / 洛陽周王城天子駕六博物館 / 낙양 주왕성천자가육박물관
주 / 왕성 / 천자 / 가육 / 박물관이라 읽는다.
영문 표기에서는 혼란이 있는데, 아래에 소개하는 Museum of Luoyang Eastern Zhou Royal Horse and Chariot Pits 라는 표현이 실은 실상은 더 잘 반영한다.
앞에 소개한 절강 항주 과호교유지박물관이 수중박물관인데 견주어 이것은 낙양의 東周시대 마차 순마갱을 그대로 지하에 보존한 지하박물관이다. 박물관 위는 광장이다.
먼저 좀 복잡한 듯한 이 박물관 이름을 풀면 낙양에 소재하는 주周왕조 왕성王城의 천자天子가 타는 여섯마리 말이 끄는[駕六] 수레를 말한다.
낙양 시내 중심가에 위치하는 동주왕성광장東周王城廣場의 동주왕성유지東周王城遺址區의 동북쪽에 해당한다.
Museum of Luoyang Eastern Zhou Royal Horse and Chariot Pits
The Museum of Luoyang Eastern Zhou Royal Horse and Chariot Pits is seated under the Eastern Zhou Imperial City Square, on the original site of the ancient capital of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770 – 256 B.C.). The museum has two exhibition halls. One houses a one-of-a-kind chariot with the skeletons of six horses lying in front of it, which was exclusive to emperors according to historical materials. The other one presents the profiles of the imperial city and other cultural relics of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty.
Exhibition One – Uncovered Historical Relics
The first exhibition is divided into four parts. The first part is a huge picture showing the locations of the five ancient capitals in Luoyang; visitors can have an overall knowledge of the imperial city by viewing the second part; the process and results of the excavation of the imperial mausoleum can be witnessed in the third part; and the fourth part exhibits numerous historical relics of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, such as potteries and bronze wares.
Exhibition Two – Chariots Pits
The second exhibition is the most distinctive place in the Museum of Luoyang Eastern Zhou Royal Horse and Chariot Pits with two pits on display, among which the northern one is worth careful admiration. This one is the largest pit among all pits discovered in Luoyang, with a length of 42.6 meters (46.6 yards) and a width of 7.4 meters (8.1 yards). The remnants of chariots form into two rows, while the remains of a number of dogs are scattered in the pit. Among them, the relic of the emperor’s carriage drawn by six horses is regarded as the most important highlight. It is said that only emperors could enjoy such a luxurious treatment. It is the world’s only site to demonstrate the carriage fleet of the emperor over 2,200 years ago. This pit presents the furious scene of animal sacrifices.
If you want to know more about the chariot pits of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, there is a branch museum 500 meters (550 yards) away from the Museum of Luoyang Eastern Zhou Royal Horse and Chariot Pits. You can see three carriages and ten horses in the two adjoining chariot pits. There is a six-horse chariot in the southern pit that is different from the one in the main site, with two horses lying in front of another four. This kind of arrangement is rarely seen in other sacrificial pits in China.
'문화재현장' 카테고리의 다른 글
|Hapdeok-je Reservoir | 唐津合德堤 | 당진 합덕제 (0)||2019.06.24|
|Jinsha Site Museum / 四川省成都金沙遺址博物館 / 금사유지박물관 (0)||2019.06.23|
|낙양 주왕성천자가육박물관 / 洛陽周王城天子駕六博物館 (0)||2019.06.23|
|해직기간 능산리고분 발굴현장 가이드 되어 (0)||2019.06.23|
|Hydrangeas at Onyang Folk Museum, 온양민속박물관의 수국水菊 (0)||2019.06.23|
|Museum of the Mausoleum of the Nanyue King / 南越王墓博物館 / 남월왕묘박물관 (0)||2019.06.23|