본문 바로가기

NEWS & THESIS

Donut-shaped Ondol Pavilion in Gyeongbokgung Palace

경복궁 보물 향원정은 도넛형 온돌 정자였다

송고시간 | 2019-11-20 09:00

가장자리서 온돌 확인…기울어짐 원인은 주춧돌 침하



Donut-shaped Ondol Pavilion in Gyeongbokgung Palace


景福宮の亭子の一つ、1870年ごろに建てた香遠亭床を掘ったところ、6角形オンドルが発見された。


내년 7월 복원 개장을 위해 해체한 경복궁 향원정 바닥을 조사했더니

6각형 건물터 바깥을 따라 고래 1줄을 마련한 온돌이 발견됐다고 

이른바 페치카형 온돌인 셈인데, 정자 기초 서북쪽 지점에 마련한 아궁이에 땐 불과 연기는 이 고래를 따라 양쪽으로 흘러가 그 반대편 연도를 따라 빠져나간 다음 굴뚝으로 새어나갔다고 

향원정이 1870년 무렵에 만들었으니, 아마도 이 무렵에 이런 식으로 고안한 듯하다고

도넛 모양이라 하는데, 도넛은 똥구란데 이건 육각형 벤젠 구조식 같다. 




Hyangwonjeong, a hexagonal two-story pavilion located in Gyeongbokgung Palace has been identified as a building with an ondol facility in the shape of a donut. 


Archaeologists from the Ganghwa National Institute of Cultural Heritage has found the donut-like ondol ruins through the discovery of the Hyangwonjeong excavation. 


Pavilions with the ondol system is very rare, but Hyangwonjeong has been believed to have had the ondol because it had a fireplace. 


A wind tunnel test and smoke screening test were conducted to identify the ondol, but failed to find the exact smoke passages through which smoke flows and smoke outlets. 


향원정이 위치하는 섬 호안석축 바닥. 나무기둥을 깔았다.



Along with the Gaejari, a space just below the chimney to suck fire energy and collect smoke once, the furrow through which fire and smoke are passing by has been discovered. 


The smoke passage was found to have passed under the base of the pavilion and extended toward the east side of the island where the pavilion is located. 


A researcher from the Institute said, 


A researcher at the institute said, "The room laid the foundation by spreading the broken tiles inside the base of the building and laying the clay mixed with lime on it." "The furrow and gaejari was build along the outside of the foundation." 


The ondol system appears to have been created in the 1870s.


보통의 전통적인 한국온돌 구조



This ondol structure is considered to be unusual compared to the general ondol system. Normally, the furrows are laid out in rows across the floor to heat them up, but Hyangwonjeong Ondol only smoked around the hexagonal edges.


An official from the Cultural Heritage Administration said, "Hyangwonjeong has no architectural records, so it is impossible to know the exact reason for placing ondol only at the edges."  "It would have warmed the inside of the pavilion when it was lit."


He speculated that the skating competition was held at the Hyangwonjeong Pond during the reign of King Gojong, and it is possible that the ondol was made donut-shaped for those who open the window and enjoy the view. 


Located in the middle of the pond in front of Geoncheonggung Building, Hyangwonjeong is a beautiful pavilion comparable to Gyeonghoeru, another pavilion in Gyeongbokgung Palace. It is said to have been built around 1870.


The Cultural Heritage Administration decided to dismantle and repair it in 2017 based on the weak ground support, which caused the buildings to lean and the wooden joints to become loose. 


Hyangwonjeong will be reopened in July next year.


경복궁 후원 2층 정자 '향원정' 아래에 온돌 있었다(종합)

송고시간 | 2019-11-20 13:52

가장자리 따라 도넛형 확인…기울어짐 원인은 주춧돌 침하

연기는 굴뚝 없이 빼내…내년 7월 공사 마치고 재개방


Unique 'ondol' heating system found in palace pavilion

Art/Culture 14:53 November 20, 2019

SHARE LIKE SAVE PRINT FONT SIZE