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Viking House in Dublin, 바이킹의 집

by 한량 taeshik.kim 2020. 6. 24.

Dublin Type One house

 

 

Reconstruction of Dublin Type One house
The National Museum of Ireland - Archaeology, Dublin 

 

Model (1:10) of typical Dublin Viking Age type one house.

Roof is lifted to show the standard subdivision of the floorspace and the roof-support system. Made by Liam Moore of RTE for the TV programme 'Dublin 1000 produced by Bill Skinner.

Model donated by RTE. 

 

더블린 소재 아일랜드국립고고학박물관이 전시 중인 바이킹시대 주거지 모형이다. 10분의 1 축소판이다. 지붕은 바닥 내부 구조와 지붕 틀을 보여주고자 뜯은 형태다. 방송 프로그램 제작하면서 만든 것을 쌔비왔단다.  

 

 

Dublin Type One house




DUBLIN HOUSE types


Archaeological excavacions have yielded evidence for a half dozen different building types.


The most common is that in which the door area is divided into three longitudinal strips with a central line place and sometimes with caised beds along the side walls.

 

The second type is usually associated with the latter and is fitted with a single door in one of the side walis.

 

The third is a slimmed down version of the first. There are also sunken floored structures which in Waterford and Limerick tend to be of solid timber construction.

 

The end of the Viking Age witnessed the construction of stone walled and timber framed buildings, as found at Waterford.

 

Dublin Type One house

 

More flimsily constructed outbuildings probably served a variety of purposes such as book sheds, outdoor privies, and farrowing pens.

 

Post and wattle walling aboundedi almost all buildings had internal roof supports and straw roofs, sometimes laid on scraw or curl underlayers.

 

Some of the post and wattle walls were probably daubed with cow dung or mud although these are rarely found in archaeological excavations. 

 

Dublin Type One house

 

There would have been an all-pervading stench of cooking, smoke and dampness. 

 

 

The above explanations are based on the exhibits of the National Archaeological Museum of Ireland.

 

 

잡다한 설명보다는 눈으로 보는 것만으로 충분할 것으로 본다. 다만, 마지막 언급에 있듯이 이런 구조로는 언제나 내부는 습기와 연기에 시달렸을 것이라 한다. 배연구조가 있었을 텐데 그래도 우리네 전통가옥 부엌을 생각하면 근본적 한계가 있다. 

 

기거하는 공간은 바닥에서 단을 높인 형태인데 이는 말할 것도 없이 습기를 피하기 위함이다. 

 

다음에는 바이킹마을을 보고자 한다. 

 

 

*** related article ***

 

 

 

4,500 year old LURGAN LOGBOAT, DUGOUT CANOE

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historylibrary.net

 

댓글2

  • 四叶草 2020.06.24 11:06

    집 지을때, 지푸라기, 진흙, 소똥 등은 인류공용 자산인가바요. 그리고 보니 새들도 그런 재료를 쓰니.
    답글

    • 四叶草 2020.06.24 11:08

      요즘도 창문과 팬이 없으면 냄새가 빠지기 어렵죠. 옛날치곤 그런대로 잘 살았군요.